NVR 12-14

This test contains two basic types of question: classification questions andmatrix, series and analogy questions.

•Classification questions

These questions assess the ability to see similarities. Pupils have to findanother member of a set.

Example: Decide which of the six shapes below the large oval also belongs inside the oval.

•Matrix, series and analogy questions

These questions assess a variety of non-verbal reasoning processes to varying degrees. Pupils have to see similarities between different figures within a design and then identify patterns or analogies between different areas of the design. In all of these questions, the pupils indicate their answers by deciding which of the six figures is the missing one, but the questions are presented in a number of different styles:

Matrices. These are either 2 ×2, 2 ×3 or 3 ×3 matrices, which contain elements of series and analogies.

Horizontal rows. The first example is a series question and the second example is essentially an analogy.

Star shapes. Pupils have to identify patterns or analogies between different areas of the design.

Two triangles. This is another way of presenting a set of analogies